Scuba Diving

Diver, Turtle, Mexico, Scuba Diving, Sea

Cedar Park Wildlife Removal was on my bucket list, and because I had been close to retirement in the summer of 2013, I thought it was time to cross it off. As I took my first scuba lessons, I quickly learned it is true what many scuba instructors say – water is not man’s natural surroundings. So, I was somewhat anxious about finishing this certification.
After some basic research in local opportunities for scuba education, I had selected a dive shop in Salt Lake City, a brief 20-minute drive from my dwelling. The main reason I selected them is due to the calming influence the owner, Lori, had on my nervousness. She also suggested an instructor that was almost my age, further diminishing my fears.
I vigorously finished the academic work and completed the pool training in good order. The open water certification was accomplished in a salt water”inland ocean” west of Salt Lake City. I had learned the fundamentals and was now a certified, yet still uneasy, scuba diver.
I knew I had to master these abilities to be a safe and competent diver. Although addressed in my practice, I was hardly able to control my buoyancy and even though I spent most of my adult life as a professional pilot browsing around the western United States, my underwater navigation skills were nearly nonexistent. Moreover, I was certified in a depth of 23 feet, and I knew I wanted to go deeper. And to top it off, I never jumped out of my sailboat with 50 pounds of gear on me, so boat diving would be a new experience. By the way, since we live at around 4,200 ft MSL, altitude diving was part of the training I received.
I adopted a 3-step approach to this challenge. First, I committed to joining the dive-a-longs the dive store offered every month to nearby lakes. Since I really do believe that knowledge is power, I signed up for a class titled Diver Stress and Rescue, to further allay my underwater fears. I also signed up for the Evening and Limited Visibility Training Course, as well as the First Aid, CPR, AED, and O2 training. The Science of Diving course was not far behind. And lastly, I devoted time to improve my physical condition.
Whew! I know, that’s a lot of research and effort. But it was worthwhile for me. I learned not only the particular academic substance, but I also learned something about the way to be a better diver in each course. I practiced, watched, and learned.
And then 1 day, I suddenly realized I had not been paying attention to the small things that could help me be a better diver.
Here are a few examples.
We had used weights in the practice environment in the pool and I never questioned their need. One of the first things I discovered afterward was that I really needed no weights to descend in the pool. In the buoyancy class, I learned I was doing the buoyancy check incorrectly. After I corrected my mistake, I used less air in the BC, resulting in more air for me.
The buoyancy compensator (BC), sometimes known as a buoyancy control device (BCD), is the piece of gear which produces diversion diving possible and popular. But it’s the diver who controls the BC. I had to learn how to utilize shorter bursts of air and to wait for neutral buoyancy to become apparent.
I look back now and chuckle as I recall how fast my atmosphere seemed to disappear on a dive. Beside buoyancy, this is, in my opinion, the most important ability for a diver to master.
I learned that my anxiety, which caused poor breathing habits underwater, might be offset and finally eliminated by my increased knowledge and growing experience. My strong desire to improve was also a factor.
The moment I really paid attention to my breathing, I relaxed. The result was twofold – I wasn’t just more relaxed, but I also had sufficient air to fully explore our underwater world.
The worth of a Computer
Every scuba diver should learn how to use dive tables. That way we understand the essentials of gas compression and decompression better. We understand why off-gassing is so important and the best way to accomplish that by obeying the tables. Having said this, diving with a computer is so much better than diving on tables.
But here’s a caveat – learn to use your computer before you dive. Then do a simple dive next and use all the underwater features of your PC.
I recently bought a new computer and practiced all of its features at my kitchen table. Guess which feature I accidentally triggered in my next dive? It turns out I can accidentally turn off the light while in the water, which makes the computer almost impossible to see. Partially in my defense, I was wearing thick gloves and could not feel when I pressed a button. Nonetheless, I must have learned about this feature ahead, and I should have practiced at home with my gloves on.
The past five years of my career were spent sitting in a chair in front of a computer. In other words, I let my physical condition deteriorate. I discovered this to be a distinct disadvantage while learning to be a skillful scuba diver. I could carry my equipment from the parking lot to the shoreline without being winded to the point of resting for 20 minutes before I could dip. This also improved my breathing so I used less air underwater.
Knowledge About the Dive Site
I found that if I did a little research about the upcoming dive site, I was more at ease during the dive. Research can be anything from an Internet search to comments from divers who were there. This reduced anxiety about the dive resulted in being more relaxed during the dive – again resulting in using less air throughout the dive.
Dive Briefing
This goes right along with the previous topic. The more you know about the dive, the more relaxed you can be in the water. The Divemaster or Captain can make every dive more interesting and enjoyable. Be certain you attend their briefing for every dip; they will have seasonal updates on the site, including what you can expect to see.
Like most new divers, I used rental gear for my early dives. Even though the equipment was appropriate, it just was not quite perfect. I made it work, but I knew there had to be a better way. I eventually invested in a better BC and an upgraded regulator. Both of these purchases made diving less taxing and more enjoyable. Because I do a lot of diving in cold water, I decided to invest in a best – not better, but all the way to best – 7 mm wetsuit that match my body form just right. This, along with proper hood and boots, made diving in cold water more comfortable.
Incidentally, I bought the wetsuit after talking to the dive shop owner. Her years of experience resulted in me getting an excellent wetsuit which works perfectly for me. The tip here is, do not neglect to speak to more experienced divers for recommendations when you have a question.
Useful Skills
I recently had a student ask me if I had ever dropped my mask or regular; she wondered why we stressed these skills so much during training. It turns out that on one dive I was not paying attention when my friend, who was facing me, stopped and I drifted into his moving fins. My mask was lopsided and full of water and my regulator was floating in front of me. So, yes, the skills learned in training can be something you need daily, so practice them occasionally. If you dip a few times in the summer each year, consider an update class before the next year’s diving starts.
My point is, we need to pay close attention to the teachers and other divers we dive with so we can learn from their expertise. And we need to make a point of learning something new on each dive. If there’s nothing new, then we can practice something we heard years ago, but haven’t used lately.
Another useful, and possibly lifesaving, skill is the determination to create a safety stop on every dive. I know, computers can indicate no stop is essential, but if you’re making multiple dives each day, or over several days, the benefit of a safety stop outweighs the minor delay in getting to the surface. Plus, it lets you practice buoyancy skills.
Remember, follow the rules, do not dive beyond your training or expertise, and look for the little things that will help you be a better diver.

Black bear

Black Bear, Woods, Wild, Wildlife

The American black bear, Ursus Americanus, is the most common bear species indigenous to North America. These bears live across the continent with a range that stretches from Alaska all the way south into Rat Poop. They can also be located in the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. This range comprises 41 of the 50 United States, All the Canadian provinces except Prince Edward Island, and some of Mexico.

Nearly all bears found in the Southern United States stay in the protected mountains and woodlands of parks and nature preserves. Sometimes, bears will wander out of a park’s boundaries. Sometimes, bears have put up new lands on the margins of urban environments. This has happened more often as the bear’s population increases.

Before European colonization, there were probably as many as two million black bears in North America. Sadly, the population declined to a low of 200,000 bears because of habitat destruction and unrestricted hunting. Latest estimates put the population around 800,000. It’s supposed that the bears may share a common European ancestor.

After the bear stands up, the bear can stand up to 7 ft tall. Male bears are generally one-third bigger than female bears. Adult black bears are known to reach 660 pounds while exceptionally large men are recorded up to 800 pounds, a span of nearly 8 feet. Cubs normally weigh between 7 oz and per pound at birth.

While they generally have shaggy black hair (hence the name black bear), their fur may differ from white through chocolate-brown, cinnamon-brown, and blond. Blonde black bears are found mostly west of the Mississippi River in America and in the Canadian provinces west of Ontario. Sometimes, a black bear is going to have a v-shaped white chest blaze.

If a bear is standing, it’s typically to have a better look at something or to find out from where a odor is coming. The shuffling gait all of us associate with bears is a consequence of the flat-footed walk. Along with the flat-footed walk, bears also use a pacing gate. Unlike a number of other quadrupeds, the legs on one side of the bear’s body move together rather than alternating.

Box jellyfish

The box jellyfish has its title as they are bell shaped or cubed shaped with four sides being very prominent, thus the title box jellyfish. They may be as long as 20 cm on each side of the cube, and have up to 15 tentacles on each corner. These can be 3 meters in length and have 5,000 stinging cells on each of them. These tentacles are not actually triggered by any type of touch, rather, this species of jellyfish stings because it senses a presence of a form of chemical on the exterior of their prey.

A box jellyfish is extremely mobile, using their bodies to propel themselves forward at speeds up to 4 knots. These kinds of jellyfish travel towards the shores in the calmer weather, and settle around the mouths of both creeks and rivers following the rain. It’s assumed that after a great rain, food is washed down to the jellyfish, and they intuitively realize this.

These jellyfish are also called sea wasps and marine stingers. Their main habitat is in water off of Northern Australia and in the Indo-Pacific. A box jellyfish has venom that’s so deadly, it considered to be one of the worst poisons in the world today. This venom is so strong that the toxins set about attacking the heart and nervous system, as well as skin cells. Their venom was designed so that it would instantly paralyze or kill its prey, and also so that there was less of a battle. In this manner, the box jellyfish will take care of its delicate tentacles.

If a human is stung by a this jellyfish, it is entirely possible for them to go into shock or even heart failure, drowning before receiving aid. The sting is so deadly; help must be received immediately if one hopes to survive. The pain is reported to be excruciating, and those who do survive experience a lot of pain for weeks to months after being stung. There’s also generally scarring that can occur from the Rodent Control. The sting is proportionate to the size of the individual; for example, a young child needs less of a sting to cause dire consequences compared to an adult.


Forest Of Magic, Fireflies, Firefly

Fireflies have astonished the human mind and imagination for centuries. They have embraced nicknames such as”lightning bug,” or”glow worm.” When we experience them, they seem to be small light bulbs that float in the air, blinking to inaudible music and captivating our eyes with mystique and wonder. They have taken their place in human myth from ancient Mayan culture to contemporary Japanese and synchronized blinking, which happens in many diverse places around the world, create a feeling of inquiry and amazement.

For those of us who are more objective in our reasoning, we might ask ourselves, what is the mechanism behind the wall of wonder and how has it come to be?

Fireflies are largely nocturnal creatures with soft and brown bodies, even more leathery than traditional beetles. Their act of creating light in the gut area is referred to as bioluminescence, which describes, quite well, the process used to create the hypnotically titillating visual spectacle.

The light is formed through a chemical reaction which occurs in the body. This interaction between both of these chemicals generates the energy necessary to give off light.

There are two chief reasons why fireflies glow at night: mating and imminent danger. Since there are some 2,000 different kinds of fireflies around the planet, the light patterns emitted are specific to its particular kind. Once a match is found, mating can occur. After mating, the eggs are placed in damp soil, where sowbug-like larvae will hatch in 3 weeks. These infant fireflies live for up to two years under floor, hunting and preying on earthworms, snails, slugs and mites.

Fireflies are very efficient light producers. Their ability to generate light in a cost-effective way has sparked numerous research and development projects in the area of bioluminescence, regarding its possible human applications. To put things into perspective, the efficiency rate with the fireflies use to produce light hovers around 90%, where as the average household light bulb has a rate of nearly 10%.

Fireflies are interesting not only because they capture our minds and spirits, but also because they may function as a key to better and more efficient energy conservation.

Canadian Geese

Geese, Canadian, Bird, Goose, Wildlife

Among the most well known species of bird in North American is that the Canadian Geese.

Canadian geese are famous for their black heads and necks with a white strap of feathers round the chin. They are rather big for birds and are roughly 30 to 40 inches long and have an incredible 50 to 71 inch wingspan. These birds are known for their migratory patterns as they travel to warmer regions during the coldwinter months.

Migrating Canadian geese are exactly what many folks remember about this bird during their childhood years. Seeing the geese fly into their tight V-shaped formation as they made their way south or north, depending on the season, was a sign that a new season was about to start. A number of this migration has shifted, however, as a result of significant changes in our existence, largely as a result of global warming. In some regions of the Northern United States, the Canadian goose doesn’t migrate at all anymore, only because the weather doesn’t get as intense as it did a few decades ago. Other items have influenced the migratory patterns of the geese also.

Other things that are influenced the route that the geese take when they’re migrating include changes in habitat and access to food sources. By way of instance, lots of the predators that the geese had to cope with in the Pacific Northwest have caused lots of the Canadian geese don’t migrate in any way. Lots of the geese and goslings don’t travel as far south as they did in years past, just because they’re more able to find food, such as waste wheat, during the autumn and winter season. This shift in their migratory path and their migration pattern generally have caused some problems in the geese overgraze grassy places and they eat plants, which can be both a nuisance and a problem for humans.

Flocks of geese are famous for flying at a V-shaped formation when they’re migrating. This is a result of the fact they’re traveling a long distance and this creation helps break up the end for all but the front bird, so that they can fly with less wind resistance. In the event you could see the geese for a lengthy time period, you will realize that they alter the front flyer to maintain this bird from becoming overtired. Another reason behind the V-formation is that this allows them to find each other and communicate, so they can decide where they would like to property, etc.. The Canadian geese are extremely faithful to their flock, as they are to their partner.

If a person becomes injured, the wholesome one is going to stay with the wounded person until it recovers or dies. If it expires, a goose may take another spouse, but in a few instances, they just find a flock to fly and do not find another partner.

The Canadian goose is a really intriguing and complex bird. By learning more about how they work, we can better appreciate their gift to society and the planet generally.

Mountain lions

Cougar, Mountain Lion, Puma Concolor

Each year mountain lions are seen in many amazing outdoors locations throughout the nation. Even though it’s not unusual to have a mountain lion sighting in the nation, it’s somewhat alarming when they’re seen in highly trafficked areas, putting people and domestic animals in danger of being attacked.

Because of the forthcoming summer months when folks are inclined to be out and about in the great outdoors, camping, hiking, fishing, etc., here’s a refresher course on what to do if you come into contact with a mountain lion.

  • Do not go in the nation alone. It’s ideal to bring a friend or at least a puppy with you. Having a walking stick may also function as some protection in case of an attack. Making loads of noise while outside will stop you from sneaking up on an unknowing lion, which might lead them to attack.

Mountain lions appear to be particularly drawn to little children. It’s very important that you keep them near you and within your website at all times.

  • Don’t run away. Pick your child up without bending over.
  • Make yourself look as large as possible by lifting your arms slowly. Don’t bend over or crouch down to avoid looking like a four-legged creature. Throw sticks or rocks if they’re within reach and talk in a loud, firm voice.

If you see one, follow the directions above and give it a chance to escape.

Try to remain standing to prevent being bitten about the neck or face. Use any objects accessible to protect yourself, including a rod, hat, fishing rod, etc.. Lots of individuals have survived mountain lion attacks by fighting back.

If you website a mountain lion, or an animal carcass that could result from a lion kill, always contact your regional Department of Fish and Game. Always be conscious of your environment and that of your loved ones, especially smaller children, when enjoying time in the wonderful outdoors.

Orca Facts

Killer Whales, Orcas, Breaching, Jumping

Killer whale fact number one: Killer whales are the part of the dolphin family. They are largest relative in the sea mammal group. I really do mean LARGE, on average killer whales or Orcas weigh an average 5400 kg and are around 9.7 meters long.

Killer whale fact number two: These beautiful monsters of the sea are carnivores and take a lot of feeding. They’re amongst the most successful predators in the marine world, which is not surprising as it requires a good deal of creature to evade or defeat a huge creature that’s about as heavy as two fully laden Lincoln Continentals and as long an average single decker bus.

Killer whale fact number three: No lone killers, these intelligent creatures live in large family packs of up to approximately 40. Killer whale pods, since these groups are known could be likened to wolf packs in their searching methods. A little known killer whale fact is that there are two quite different types of pods that have different kinds of food taste and even hunt otherwise. ‘Resident’ pods hunt fish while the’ transient’ pods hunt and kill marine mammals.

Killer whale fact number four: Orcas are long distance travelers and are common in colder coastal waters but killer whale pods are can be seen hunting around the world from Anderson Wildlife Removal to the Equator. They are easy to identify being beautifully marked in black and white and they move with extraordinary elegance that belies their massive size. It is another odd killer whale fact that these animals have never been hunted by humans unlike a few of their near relatives.

Killer whale fact number five: Killer whales have lives some living up to 80 decades. Killer whale cows just become pregnant every 3 to 10 years and have a long 17-month pregnancy. Whale calves are cared for and reared in the security of a family pod. Even though it’s well known that members of the dolphin and whale family communicate through distinctive sounds it’s a little known killer whale fact that like human beings from different cultures, every Orca pod has its own individual language which its members can hear and differentiate even from great distances.

Killer whale fact number six: All these ancient creatures are the subject of continuing research and have much to teach us. The killer whales capacity to use echolocation to learn about the size and shape of underwater objects underwater and for communication has enabled its survival. Sometime just in the recent past has man discovered sonar to hunt submarines in war, to discover underwater objects or to maximize our fishing catches. What other gifts will this giant of the seas need to talk with us?


Giraffe, Africa, Tanzania, Wild

Its scientific name is the giraffa camelopardilis it’s the largest ruminant and the tallest creature known. It’s a very long neck which sports a short stubbly mane; it’s high shoulders that slope back into the hindquarters. Additionally, it has long legs which are about exactly the same length.

To reticulated giraffe that’s located north of Kenya has the most distinguishing latticework of narrow lines dividing the dark spots and is the very distinctive pattern of any creature. The so called Masai giraffe of East Africa shows the most distinctive pattern of some of the giraffes.

The giraffes were officially found throughout Africa south of the Sahara Desert everywhere the trees grew. It was eliminated from the majority of West Africa and the southern Kalahari range but it’s still common in East Africa outside of game preserves.

This animal was made to exploit a six-foot group of foliage beyond the reach of another terrestrial browser except the elephant. It has an 18 inch prehensile tongue and a modified atlas-axis joint in its neck which allows its head to presume that almost vertical position which further increases its height advantage. Giraffes can graze the crown of little trees. A huge bull giraffe can graze as large is 19 feet, a yard higher than the cows. They’ve a menu which includes over a hundred species but they feed acacia and combretum trees are exactly what they most often consume. Having a narrow muzzle and extremely flexible lips together with an 18 inch prehensile Tongue permit the giraffe to fulfill the most nutritious leaves in amounts up to 75 lbs. This quantity of food is essential to sustain their great bulk. The giraffe only must consume every two or three days once the water is available or it extracts water from the food it eats.

Bull spent about 22 percent of the time walking compared to approximately 13 percent for the cows. The difference is that the time the Bulls spend searching for cows in heat.

The giraffe is non-territorial and social, living in loose, open herds. The youthful accompany the female and could be mixed to the herd. A lone bull could be solitary. The fact that giraffes feed from variably spaced trees they’re capable of moving independently, and they have a dimension that’s such that they have few predators. Their height and excellent eyesight enable giraffes to keep visual sight during a long distance. The herd could be dispersed over a half a mile and still keep its presence as a herd. Even when they’re resting herd members usually stay more than 20 feet apart.

During mating season to females are more social when the men and usually stay together. Mothers of little calves usually connect with other cows at least due to mutual fascination between the calves which result in crèches of around nine calves. The average spacing between calves is generally less than 10 yards.

The home range of these animals may vary widely it’s generally about 63 miles square but can be as little as two miles square or up to 250 miles square. As soon as they are saddled though bulls have a bigger range than cows.

A giraffe just has two gaits walk or gallop. As it has long legs and a brief body it moves with an ambling walk with a walk on the left side or the perfect side as do the camels. At its best speed the giraffe can gallop at about 37 mph. The four legs and hind legs behave like a running rabbit. If the animal would like to have a drink it must straddle or bend its fore legs. The exact same is true of its close relative the Okapi.

It’s breeding season is yearlong with the rainy season being the major period for conception. Males begin competing for females at about seven decades but they continue growing which provides a senior a excellent weight advantage. The males which also increases weight with age and through bone depositation generates the knobs on the Bulls ahead these knobs increase in size with age giving the older bull even more of an edge. Combat is rare however as the Bulls understand their location in a herd hierarchy that’s established an almost daily battle while they are maturing within an all-male herd of bachelors.

For the first week or so the calf lays out for the majority of the day and a half of the night guarded by its own mother. There are hardly any predators looking to brave the mother giraffe’s long legs since she is guarding her elbows these long legs can be very deadly. As the calf grows older it passes a maternity crèche were it’s guarded by an entire bunch of females allowing its mother to go farther.

In the initial months from 50 to 75 percent of the young fall prey to lions and spotted hyenas despite their moms determined defense. As adults giraffes are too large to be prey to many predators. A mother will stand over her calf to shield it against lions or hyenas, and they’re loath to brave her long legs. A predator trying to get in the calf runs the danger of being kicked to death by the mother giraffe.

The idea that giraffes are mute is a fantasy, they do make noises. Though they are typically silent a calf will mew, cows searching lost calves will bellow, and if they’re courting Bulls will create a coughing sound. Giraffes also make other noises when alerted ranging from hissing, snorting, molding and at times the flute like sound.

Now you understand a lot of what a giraffe is all about!


Animals, Birds, Australia, New Guinea

Native to Australia and New Zealand the Kookaburra bird is a big bird (28-42 cm in length and 11-17 inches in height). The Kookaburra was discovered by the English from the mid 18th century. They’ve a different call which sounds like a loud echoing human bliss, these birds are good-natured if not hysterical. You generally won’t find this bird by water but they can be found in a humid forest surrounding where food is readily accessible.

Kookaburra are carnivorous, their diet include lizards, snakes, insects, and raw meat, The Kookaburra is a territorial bird and they can often be found living with partially grown chicks from the previous mating season. Wild Kookaburras will eat babybirds, snakes, insects, small reptiles and other birds such as finches.

Even though these birds are found only in a comparatively small portion of the world their distinctive sound can be found from the soundtrack”jungle sound”, they’re also utilised in movies and television as well as being seen in some Disney park attractions. Also you can find these birds in popular video games such as Battle toads and World of War craft.

They may also be found on postage stamps, the first postage stamp with a Kookaburra was issued as a 6 cent stamp issued in 1914, and also a 38c Austrian stamp with a set of Kookaburra on it was issued around 1990. Also back in 1990 Australia committed a coin into this bird.


Platypus is one of the most interesting creatures on Earth. Its bizarre appearance and some unique features attract me towards it. Lets see how it differs from other creatures.

It is a mammal and lay eggs!

It’s one of the only two mammals on Earth that lay eggs. Normally mammals give birth to live young.

Sole member

Platypus is the only member of its family as well as genus i.e. Ornithorhynchus. It will be more accurate to say its the only’living’ member of its family and genus as related species have been found from fossil records.


Exactly like its other features, its venom is also something interesting. In the event of platypus, only men have have the capability of injecting the venom. It has a spur on the back foot which provides a venom capable of causing severe pain to humans.

Bizarre Appearance

It’s a bizarre appearance.

Two Ovaries

Even its genital parts are of odd nature. The female platypus has two ovaries but only one of them is functional, the left one.

Weird Use of Tail

Platypus uses its tail to store fats.

Other Interesting Facts about the Platypus

It hunts for about 12 hours a day. Seems like it spends all its time searching.

Its fur which is plum-colored is watertight and its texture is amazingly quite like a mole’s fur.

The snout of the Platypus is in fact a sensory organ with the mouth on the underside.

Weight of those mammals varies considerably from 0.7 to 2.4 kg (1.5 to 5.3 pounds ).

The Platypus is sometimes jokingly referred to as evidence that God has a sense of humour.

Whooping Crane

Whooping Crane, Crane, Bird, Whooping

At about 4.9 ft, the whooping crane is the tallest bird in North America. This bird, which is regarded as endangered, is fascinating, both because of its recovery from the brink of extinction and for its inherent beauty.

According to the National Geographic Society, there were just three whooping cranes residing in 1941. At that point in time, it wasn’t illegal to shoot the birds, and people were destroying their natural habitats.

Included in conservation efforts, people have led whooping cranes in their migratory paths using ultralight aircraft in order to train the birds to go”home.” Other efforts to prevent the birds from extinction include captive breeding programs and habitat management.

Whopping Crane Information

Adults are predominantly white, with red crowns on top of their heads. They may have black wingtips. Juveniles are often a cinnamon color. These birds prefer to live in family groups and pairs mate for life. But if one of those mates dies, the other will re-mate if possible.

Along with being tall, their wing span is about 7 feet. These birds have a mean life in the wild of 22 to 24 years.

Whooping cranes are omnivorous, meaning that the birds will eat both meat and plants. Among the foods that these cranes like are insects, acorns, shellfish, water plants and frogs.

Now, whooping cranes breed predominately in Canada’s Wood Buffalo National Park and spend winters in the Arkansas National Wildlife Refuge in Texas. Security plans include diversifying migratory paths and locations for breeding and wintering, as the birds’ habitats are still under pressure because of pollution and our expanding population.

Cranes not only sleep in water but build their nests up in water for protection against predators. The average number of eggs laid is two, though only 1 baby usually survives to the fledgling stage.


Hippopotamus, Hippo, Animal, Namibia

Hippo facts tell us that the name, Hippopotamus, has Greek origins and means”water or river horse.”

At three and a half tons, the hippo is the next to largest mammal that lives on land. The biggest is the elephant.

There are two distinct sorts of hippos, the frequent hippo and the pygmy hippo, which is much smaller.

Hippos have a unique membrane above their eyes that enables them to see underwater.

Hippo facts tell us that a hippo can’t float.

Hippos are said to sweat blood, because when it’s hot, they exude a red fluid which resembles blood. It’s not blood but a type of mucous that protects the hippo from the sun.

A hippo eats eighty-eight pounds of food daily.

Hippos eat grass and fruit.

Hippos can breed on land or in the water.

Pigmy hippos only reside in West Africa.

A hippo can give birth in the water and often does.

The gestation period for a hippo is eight months.

Baby hippos can only breathe underwater for about forty seconds.

When hippos do give birth they leave the herd for up to fourteen days, until the calf is strong enough to join the mother on property. She will nurse the young hippo for eight months.

Hippos live in herds of around thirty or forty animals, but are sometimes seen in groups of two hundred or more.

Every herd has several bulls but only one is dominant.

A hippo can live to be as old as forty-five years.

Among the most interesting hippo facts is that the teeth of a hippopotamus never stop growing. Teeth can become as much as three feet .

Male hippos fight with one another for dominance. They back up and use their long teeth as weapons. Often, one of the hippos dies in the fight.

They’re also killed for meat.

Hippos aren’t endangered but they are headed in that direction.

Hippos only live in East Africa, although they used to live across the continent.

Hippo facts show the pigmy hippo only weighs 450-600 lbs.

A hippo drinks around fifty-six gallons of water every day.

Hippos can run as fast as 30 mph.

Some hippos grow to be up to fifteen feet long.

In the National Zoo in Washington, every day hippos eat thirty-five pounds of hay, 1-1/2 pounds of fruit, seven pounds of herbivore grain pellets, and three pounds of veggies.


Sea Otter, Swimming, Floating, Water

One of the most popular spots in the zoo will be viewing the sea otter; truth about this fascinating mammal are only as interesting as watching them perform.

Sea otters are members of the weasel family. While the weasel is a monster most people associate as threats to their farm fowl, the sea otter is one which most people ooh and aah over as they see the antics of the small mammal.

Most of the sea otter’s time is spent in the water. Their webbed hind feet help them to swim quickly through the water as they seek their prey on the ocean floor; their clawed front feet help them grip the prey and hold it firmly as they return into the water’s surface. When they aren’t hunting or feeding, otter facts prove that they like simply floating in the surface of the water. In actuality, this is the pose they presume to sleep; often draping sea kelp over their bodies as a means of holding them stable in the water as they sleep. It’s not uncommon to see groups of them bobbing about in the water at a group nap. So ingrained are they in the water that they actually give birth in the water also.

Clams and mussels are also favorites, but they prove a bit more difficult to eat because of the hard, closed shells of those aquatics. Difficult, maybe; but not in any way impossible for the otter. Facts show that the mammal is so clever that, when on the sea floor scooping up the shelled delicacies, they also snag a stone before returning to the surface. Flipping onto their backs, the sea otters place the stone on their bellies and start to crush the clam or mussel upon the stone to open it and feast on its contents.

After eating, a cleaning ritual starts. Sea otter details about the thick, waterproof coat worn with the mammal show that cleanliness is essential in maintaining that quality in addition to the insulating factor. Unlike similar creatures that share the cold waters of the Pacific Ocean, otters don’t have an insulating layer of fat functions to keep others warm.

Those adorable little faces upturned as they float along the water, and their habits of using stones to open clam shells are merely some of the sea otter facts that people find endearing. Luckily, the sea otter, once hunted for its jacket, is now protected by law; ensuring that they will be around for quite a long time for future generations to enjoy.


Hummingbird, Bird, Trochilidae, Flying

Hummingbirds may be nesting in your backyard or you could have neighbors that have routine visits by these very small birds. They’re fun to watch and to find out about.

Hummingbirds are birds which come from the family of Trochillidae. They’re thought of as one of the smallest species of birds in the world. They flap their wings so fast you can barely tell they’re moving. A unique feature is their ability to fly backwards, and apparently they are the only birds that can do so.

Hummingbirds are called nectarivores which mean they feed on the sweet liquid, also called nectar, from blossoms. Their similarity between bees is their ability to measure the quantity of sugar contained in the nectar that they feed upon. Flowers with sweeter nectar, or with higher sugars level, are more preferable to those birds. But nectar cannot provide the proper amount of nutrients so hummingbirds also feed on spiders and insects to acquire protein and other vitamins and minerals.

The hummingbird has a direct, long bill that’s crucial for gathering food. However, for some species, they have shorter bills for extracting nectar from flowers that have brief corollas while others have curved bills for feeding off curved corollas. Unlike most birds, they drink using their uneven and ridged tongues. Hummingbirds seldom eat huge meals at a time; they could live on a lot of smaller meals during the day. In terms of flying, they don’t do it very often as it consumes too much energy.

In the very delicate period of hatching and fledgling, many of these birds die and don’t survive. But those who stay alive continue to exist for up to ten years or more. The average lifespan however is three to five years among those in North America. The longest lifespan that was ever recorded was twelve years, which was acquired by a female broad-tailed hummingbird.

Many hummingbirds are known to be natives to the Americas. A vast majority of these birds are found in South and Central America where it is known to have tropical weather, though other species are able to breed in areas with a moderate climate. Meanwhile, the Rufous hummingbirds is more commonly known and seen throughout western Canada.

A number of events are prepared for the celebration of hummingbirds. These include the Hummingbird Festival and the Hummingbird Migration Celebration. The festival itself includes a car show, rides for children, food vendors, vendors of arts and crafts, live music and many more fun activities. Check out Lakewood Park Rat Removal for more details.

The Phoenix

Phoenix, Bird, Fire, Bright Red, Swing

The Phoenix is a mythical bird dating back to ancient civilizations and is part of legends and lore. According to mythology it is a mystical creature which has an astoundingly long life span ranging to about a thousand years. It’s believed to be a bird with colourful feathers and tail in gold and scarlet. It does not get sick or afflicted by disease at any given time during its life span. At the end of the life span it’s thought to create a pyre of twigs and ignites itself.

The word”rising like a Phoenix from the Ashes” is often used in sports when a group or an individual on the brink of losing a game or match almost comes back from the brink of certain defeat to triumph in the long run. This victory against all odds has caused the Phoenix bird to be made the mascot or symbol of many organizations and there are several firms named after it.

Another account of phoenix story states that before the bird is swallowed by the flame it lays an egg from which hatches and a new phoenix which will live a million years and then the exact same process is repeated, thereby its lineage continues. Though there’s absolutely no way of ascertaining the truth of either version, both express the exact same theme, triumph over extreme hardship.

The Phoenix bird is a central figure in ancient Lebanese culture as the Lebanese are the descendants of Phoenicians and claim themselves to be the sons of Phoenix. The nation is also having a historic resemblance to the Phoenix, having been destroyed and mended seven times during its history.

Polar bears

Polar Bear, Arctic, Wildlife, Snow, Wild

It is the largest land predator alive today, with 25,000 to 40,000 roaming through the Arctic region. Female polar bears reach sexual maturity at roughly five years of age and their offspring are relatively much smaller than human infants, weighing only around a pound at birth.

They appear in the spring and within a year can grow to man-size if provided with an abundance of food. The average male bear will grow to weigh over 1400 lbs and stand ten feet tall.

A fact about polar bears that you might not know is that their fur is not white, but that each hair is a colourless hollow tube that reflects sunlight during daylight hours. This serves to maintain the bear warm and because the coating is oily it does not mat when wet, which makes it effortless to shake off excess water and ice that may form after swimming.

Polar bears eat mostly seals which they search on the pack ice, either by waiting for them to surface at their breathing holes in the ice or by stalking them. On occasion they will hunt beneath the ice for their prey. They’ve slightly webbed front feet to aid them with forward movement in the water, while they steer with their strong back legs.

Their sole predator is man. Men have started to mine at the arctic for petroleum and coal, encroaching on their natural habitat, which makes food more challenging to find.

Sea Sponge

Sponges, Natural Sponges, Sea Sponge

Unchanged for hundreds of centuries, and with no close relatives on the evolutionary tree, the sponge remains a very simple and primitive form of animal. Sponges have a remarkable ability to withstand enormous loss of body material, suddenly growing many times faster than normal to regain the original size. The average lifespan for individual specimens was estimated to be 50 years or more.

The simplest type of sponge is shaped somewhat like a vase, with feeding cells on the inner wall. Water is drawn through minute pores in the outer wall and expelled through the large main aperture. The present is maintained by the feeding cells, each with a very small whip that’s waved always back and forth. Because of the huge volume of Poinciana Rat Removal contained inside the chamber in proportion to the inner wall surface of cells, higher forms of sponges have adapted by folding out the interior walls to improve the feeding area.

On low tide areas of the beach could be found lots of the apartment in crusting sponges. These appear in a wide array of colors and have no definite shape of their own, instead taking on the kind of the rock beneath.

Some kinds of sponge are capable of releasing a poisonous substance to prevent the encroachment of acquaintances, and several of these toxins are used in research laboratories for the preparation of human medicines.


Ducks, Duckling, Bird, Feather, Wildlife

If you were to ask an average individual if they knew what a duck was, a wonderful percentage would answer yes. Most of us perceive ducks as white animals with an orange beak that float in a pond. Many are surprised to find out that there are many varied species and colors at the duck family. Here we will be highlighting a few of the very popular ducks, and what makes them distinct from one another.

One of the most beautiful and distinctive ducks is the Northern Shoveler. This duck is prevalent in the northern part of the world. Extremely easy to identify because of large spoon shaped bill. Usually the breeding man will be recognizable by a green head, brown stomach area, and a white breast area. Adding to it is distinctiveness and beauty, when in flight this duck will display pale blue wing feathers as well. Females of this species are a little more typical. They boast a long broad bill and a light brown body somewhat like a mallard duck. These are normally around 19 inches in length and weigh a bit over a pound.

The next is the Blue Winged Teal duck. Beautiful at first sight they’re very reminiscent of their title. Having a striking teal body and blue wings that are shown upon flight. They are easily distinguishable among other genders. They aren’t extremely common, and may be found anywhere in the hemisphere. They’re a bit on the large side, and make a definite first impression on the viewer.

Mallard ducks are a common species among the duck family. Mallard ducks are also called wild ducks. They’re known as wild ducks because they are usually found in wetland regions of the hemisphere. Places which are wetlands can refer to parks, little rivers and ponds. Mallard ducks are easily recognizable, and most likely among the most famous ducks in the world. Though located in wetland areas, they’re migratory ducks as well. This refers to using the prevalent amount of these in the northern part of the hemisphere when it’s warm. The moment that weather starts to turn cold, these ducks fly south for the winter. Extremely fast flyers, they have clocked speeds up to 65 miles per hour. Within the mallard species of ducks, there are hybrid versions too.

Though many different species and hybrids of ducks, these are simply a few of the most popular. As you can see, ducks are extremely unique and interesting creatures. Different colors, sizes, Debary Wildlife Removal, rates, and species make them exceptionally varied. So as you see, ducks are not only the white, orange billed variety we usually associate them with. They continue to evolve and change, adding beauty and grace to many areas of this extraordinary world.


Chimpanzee, Monkey, Ape, Mammal, Zoo

That’s according to the human evolution theory that says that human and the animal used to look the same and had comparable behaviours. There are two common types of the species namely the Common Chimpanzee and the Bonobos.

Chimpanzees especially the Bonobos are found on the Democratic Republic of Congo whereas the others are natives of the West and Central Africa. The Bonobos are distinguished from others through anatomical differences. The Bonobos are light in color and their sexual and social behavior differs from the others. Another type moves in troops led by an alpha male and contains its omnivorous diet. Bonobos have a tendency to have frequent sex so as to resolve their conflicts. However the others are sometimes highly aggressive.

Chimpanzees are very intelligent and make their own tools that they use to hunt and for social displays. They can be easily tamed and they understand human language and symbols after some bits of training. Their bliss is sadistic and it is adapted to that of the humans. The adults are usually aggressive and territorial and they are sometimes known to kill others. They kill lower order primates like the red colobus and bush babies and use their meat as societal tool for interaction in their community. The animals have been kept as pets in some African American communities though this is highly discouraged.

Whale sharks

Whale Shark, Shark, Aquarium, Water

The whale shark is renowned for being the largest fish that has ever lived. It is much smaller than many whales, but whales are mammals. Adults can reach lengths up to 60 feet and weigh as much as 10 tons. Some have measured an incredible 75 feet long when caught.

Female whale sharks are larger than the males, which grow to approximately two-thirds the period of the females. This is true for several other large sharks, particularly those longer than 10 feet.

Whale sharks, as their title attests, are members of the shark family. Yet they are not killers. The truth is it is one of the most docile creatures in the sea. Though it’s a shark, it’s a filter feeder; it has no teeth. The whale shark’s big mouth can encircle a school of fish or shrimp, which are filtered out of the water as it passes through a fine net of gill rakers in the back of the mouth.

Whale sharks usually swim alone. They are so slow that many fish will accompany them for protection and food. Not many fish in the sea are willing to tackle that, however peaceful it may be. Underwater divers who are fortunate enough to encounter this rare fish have been able to hitch rides on their giant dorsal fin.

Whale sharks often swim lazily in the surface where, in earlier times, they were harpooned and brought ashore. In the 1930s and 1940s, hunters sought them for their livers, which are full of vitamin A. In the 1940s, chemists discovered how to make vitamin A in the laboratory so, suddenly, there was no requirement for the killings. By then many people of the fish had declined, so the chemists may have saved them from oblivion. Some sharks continue to be fished for food, but the whale shark is tough and not great eating.


Snake, Rattlesnake, Reptile, Skin, Venom
Rattle snakes are venomous snakes belonging to the family Crotalinae. Common rattle snakes belong to the genera Crotalus and Sistrurus. About 30 species of rattle snakes are known with many subspecies. They are viviparous and give birth straight to young ones. No egg laying was listed so far. Young ones when grown are independent and don’t need the support of mom for carrying out their regular activities. So, the mother leaves the young soon after their arrival. They aren’t deaf. They have well developed internal ears similar to that of other reptiles. External ears are absent. Sound travels towards internal ears through the vibrations picked up by body organs.
They are natives of America. Arizona has the largest population of these snakes in comparison to other states. Four species have been recorded from Mississippi river and just 2 from South America. They prey upon mice, rats, small birds and other smaller animals. They paralyze or kill the victim by their venom and then the prey is swallowed by constriction. Venom of rattle snake can cause death within 20 seconds. After injecting venom into the body of the prey rattle snake allows the prey to operate and then follows it and when it dies it is consumed. They are known to attack at distances up to two-thirds of their body length.
Many species are oviparous but they’re either viviparous or ovoviviparous. No parental care has been observed in them. They are named rattle snakes due to the existence of a characteristic structure rattle. Rattle is made up of a set of nested, hollow beads that are actually epidermal scales present in the tip of the tail. Every time a new rattle segment is added to the tip of tail as the snake sheds its skin. Skin may be shed several times in a year depending upon the food supply and growth speed. The young ones lack operational rattles but after they shed their skin it becomes practical. Rattle produces a rattling sound. They’re known to absorb great deal of water from wet weather and no sound is produced.
Different species differ in their land, markings and identification. It usually avoids encountering with people. But if triggered it bites them. Hikers are constantly advised to wear boots and pants while exploring the regions where rattle snakes are expected to exist. They have functional fangs for injecting venom into victim’s body. They can also regulate the quantity of venom injected. Young ones are also dangerous. Venom is haemotoxic capable of destroying cells, degenerating organs and causing coagulopathy. It’s been observed that around 7,000-8,000 people are bitten by poisonous snakes in United States every year of which rattle snakes account for 72%. Anti-venom can be used to experience the venom injected by these snakes.
They’re a popular delicacy in southeastern and southwestern America.

Giant panda

Panda, Adult Panda, Big Panda, Wild

During the adolescence period of lives, toys of bears are rather common. Most children have been profoundly acquainted with bears, but we are unaware of myriad facts about bears. For instance, the huge panda bears in China, one of the terrific variety existing in all corners. Something utterly surprising, some tourists deliberately travel all the way to China just to have sights of the bears. It has been considered that the species of panda in China is one of those extraordinary and exceptional on the planet.

However, it is fascinating to know that these rare species colossal panda bears are a threatened breed on our planet. In actuality, most of us have seen how the famous WWF integrates the panda image as a symbol of their group. These bears have been known to be a common species seen in regions like Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan. These provinces are situated in the Southwest district of China, near the Tibetan plateau. As a result of constant threatening of the strain, now there are only approximately 2,500 wild mature pandas out there.

Many parties are extremely perturbed and worried of the extinction of the panda bears in China, especially as a result of massive growth in the China’s economical status. Sanely everybody knows that the consistent growth either in industrialization or modernization would somehow affect the survival of the bears. The jobs taking up vast number of lands and the building of infrastructures will cause the panda’s habitats to be disappeared.

There were already attempts to conserve the gigantic panda bears. More than 50 reserves are created for these bears to occupy. The land covers 2.5 million of acres and it is said that over 60 percent of the bears’ population can be safely protected. The government is also spreading awareness about keeping up the lives of those protected species as they are essential as part of the world’s biodiversity. In actuality, the Chinese government believes that the conservation of pandas can enhance in the tourism industry.